The recent ‘rise’ of India and China shares certain commonalities as well as contradictions. The traffic between the two nations/civilizations in terms of material goods, migration and conceptual constructs is both complex, commensurate, and capable of offering something sui generis to social and humanistic inquiry itself. These Asian giants, facing each other across the Himalayan borders, are not only currently in implacable motion, but their trajectories will profoundly determine the resultant architecture of the world. The India-China project highlights current research on India-China interfaces across the humanities and social sciences, and aims to explore the traffic, interrelations, motions, and intellectual considerations underpinning these exchanges. In doing so, researchers in their different ways, make visible some of the implications for this new infrastructure of a contemporaneous rising of Asia, considering the possibilities and nature of interactions (historically and current) both between and beyond these two entities.